Andres Knobel ■ Inverted Maps: The Corruption Perception Index and the Financial Secrecy Index
Comparing Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index (CPI) and TJN’s Financial Secrecy Index (FSI) may be like comparing apples to oranges. Not only do they measure different things, but the way they measure them is completely different: the Corruption Perception Index, as its names indicates, it’s based on people’s perceptions. The FSI in contrast, considers objectively verifiable criteria, such as a country’s actual laws or whether a country signed relevant multilateral conventions or whether they comply with international standards (e.g. anti-money laundering).
Nevertheless, visually, both indexes reveal an interesting story.
The Corruption Perception Index suggests that Africa, Latin America and Asia are perceived as the most corrupt (dark red), by the international and country experts who participate in the surveys that are aggregated in the CPI. If local corruption in those countries were actually as bad as this small group of people perceive it to be, it would raise the question: who is enabling that corruption? Who benefits? Where might the crimes and the proceeds be hidden? The Financial Secrecy Index answers that question: countries in Europe and North America, where local corruption is perceived to be low, are objectively the worst offenders in enabling global corruption and illicit financial flows.